Common Types Of Cyber Attacks And How To Prevent them

common types of cyber attacks how to prevent cybercrime

In order to prevent cyber attacks, businesses must employ technology infrastructure and strategies that work. The cybercriminals of today are highly sophisticated, and with their knowledge, they purposely try to steal valuable information from businesses. 

This blog post will discuss a few of the most damaging types of cyber attacks by cyber criminals and ways you can prevent these attacks. 

Malware Cyber Attack 

Also known as malicious software, this type of attack is an intrusive program or file designed to get unauthorized access to devices being used by a person. The types of malicious software are myriad. 

However, the dominant feature among all malware is they use evasion and obfuscation techniques in order to trap users into becoming fools. Common types of malware are ransomware, rootkit, Trojan horse, and spyware. 

Passcode Attacks 

Although passwords are very susceptible to attacks, they are still used as a popular authentication method. Computer-based services are known to use passwords a lot for giving users or subscribers access to personal accounts. 

But passwords are an easy way to bypass security checks and gain illegal access to sensitive data. The common types of password hacks used by hackers are: 

Brute-Force Attack: The attacker uses this technique in which they try well-known passwords which people commonly use. This is done after gathering some information about the user from their social media. The password can be a combination of numerals and their pet. 

Dictionary Attack: this kind of cyber attack is an easy one in which the hacker crafts a personalized email that looks genuine to the receiver. In this scenario, commonly used phrases and other email sequences are used which should seem genuine. 

Social Engineering: A personalized email is prepared after collecting some genuine information about the victim. In this social engineering attack scenario, false impersonation is used to get the victim to obtain credentials that are sensitive. 


It is the most common form of cyber attack which has caused a lot of damage. Ransomware is installed onto the device of a user when they go to a malicious website or open a doctored attachment. 

Ransomware encrypts important files upon installation. A file can be anything from a word document to some database or system files. The hacker programs make the files unusable. The cyber attacker then demands a ransom in exchange for the decryption key in order to restore the locked files. 

Tips On Prevention Of Cyber Attacks 

The more the number of devices and users are connected to a system, the greater is the overall value of the network. The security teams at FraudWatch need to actively monitor the whole IT infrastructure for suspicious activities. The earlier a cyber attack is detected, the easier it becomes for the security provider to isolate and render the attack disrupted. 

Also, adding content disarm and reconstruction to a threat prevention system is important as it assumes all content is malicious. This way the cyber attack detection system does not try to detect constantly evolving malware functionality.

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